I can't find the example reference I need in the Publication Manual. What should I do?
When you cannot find the example reference you need in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, choose the example that is most like your source and follow that format. Sometimes you will need to combine elements of more than one reference format.
In general, a reference should contain four elements, which you can remember as the four W's: author name ("who"), date of publication ("when"), title of the work ("what"), and publication data ("where"). This is the basic principle behind all APA Style references.
The following series of posts culled from the APA Style archives will take you through the process, and you will be solving your own reference conundrums in no time.
- Introduction to the generic APA Style reference
- The four basic elements of a reference:
- Additional tips:
Finally, for an ongoing look at all reference-related posts on the Blog, check out our References category.
Note: This post reproduces some material from our APA Style FAQ