21 posts categorized "Announcements"

March 15, 2012

What Did You Just Say?


by Trish Knowles

Imagine that you pick up a psychology journal and read “hypothesis testing often has a role to play even in meta-analysis and Bayesian analysis, but the hypotheses to be tested are different because they continue to pertain to the parameters of original interest.”

Are you thinking what I am? Ummm, what?!

Okay, there’s no need to panic. Close your eyes for a moment, breathe deeply a few times, maybe stretch a bit…. Better?

Now that your initial alarm at encountering jargon has subsided, let me introduce you to a great new tool from that can help: the APA Concise Dictionary of Psychology app for iPhone, iPad, and Android.

With more than 10,000 entries covering concepts, processes, and therapies across 90 subareas of psychology, the app gives you the power to unlock the mysteries of the field’s vocabulary—anytime and anywhere—with a mere tap of a finger. You can search terms, browse an alphabetical list, add notes about definitions, mark terms as favorites, and link directly between cross-references. The app also includes “Word of the Day” and “Historical Figures in Psychology” pop-ups, abbreviations and alternative spellings, search term suggestions, and several other useful features.

Test drive the free trial version with limited functionality (from iTunes or the Android Market) or jump right in and grab the full paid version instead (from iTunes or the Android Market).
If you’re more of a gotta-hold-it book-on-the-shelf kind of person, check out the print edition of this and other APA dictionaries and reference books here.

Now, where were we? Ah, yes:

Thus, in our view, the advantage of meta-analysis and Bayesian analysis is not so much that they avoid significance testing, but instead that they provide methods for accumulating information over multiple studies  in a manner that still focuses on the parameters of scientific interest, such as the magnitude of a treatment  effect.

Here's how to cite the app in APA Style:

American Psychological Association. (2012). APA concise dictionary of psychology 
(Version 1.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com

Quotes are from Howard, G. S., Maxwell, S. E., & Fleming, K. J. (2000). The proof of the pudding: An illustration of the relative strengths of null hypothesis, meta-analysis, and Bayesian analysis. Psychological Methods, 5, 315-332. doi:10.1037/1082-989X.5.3.315

September 15, 2011

Best of the APA Style Blog: Fall 2011 Edition

Chelsea blog 2
by Chelsea Lee

Welcome back students and professors! Last fall we put together a “best of” feature on the blog, and this year we will continue the tradition with an updated set of posts from the APA Style Blog and our parent site, apastyle.org. We hope it will be helpful as new batches of students set upon the task of learning and implementing APA Style. You can get the full story in our sixth edition Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and extra guidance via the links below.

Getting Started With APA Style

What is APA Style? APA 6th ed. Publication Manual

Why is APA Style needed?

A tutorial for those totally new to APA Style

A tutorial for those using the 6th edition manual for the first time

FAQs about APA Style

Get the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.) 


Sample Papers in APA Style

Sample Paper 1

Sample Paper 2

Sample meta-analysis paper

Sample published APA article


What To Do If Your Reference Isn’t in the Manual (a.k.a. How References Work)

Learn how references work


How To Cite...  

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) 




Legal references (constitutions, etc.)

Paraphrased work

Secondary sources (sources you found in another source)


Website material


How to Format...

Running heads


Lists (lettered, numbered, or bulleted)





Still Need Help?

We have many resources to help you with your APA Style papers, and we think that you will find most questions are addressed in the Publication Manual (read Chapters 6 and 7 especially for help with references), on the blog, or in our FAQ. Please contact us if you need further assistance and we’ll be happy to help.

Finally, if you’re interested in receiving periodic tips about APA Style and notifications about new blog content, you can also keep in touch with us on Facebook and Twitter

December 10, 2010

Journal Article Reporting Standards: Why Are They Needed?

HCooper 3-1-09

by Harris Cooper, PhD

Harris Cooper, PhD, was chair of the APA Journal Article Reporting Standards Working Group. He also served on the committee that revised the APA Publication Manual.

 With the holidays around the corner, nothing frustrates us more than incomplete assembly instructions for that bicycle or bookshelf. We fume over the instructions that are unclear or the list of materials that don’t quite match up with the material provided. There seems to be a screw missing. What is this piece for? Does the shelf go in before or after tightening the screws?


In many ways, a psychology research report is like assembly instructions. Without a complete list of the materials and a clear description of the assembly steps, it is impossible for others to understand what we did and what to do to repeat our experiment, if they so desire.

Recently, more people have become interested in what the psychological research says. But, with increased influence comes increased responsibility, and increased scrutiny. And, there has been a growing sense that the instructions in our research reports often do not serve us well.

A desire for “evidence-based” practice is widespread in public health, social services, and education. Before funding a program to, say, reduce drug abuse, improve academic achievement, or assist veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder, the people who control the purse strings want “solid evidence” the program works. Solid evidence means that the studies that purport to evaluate programs and interventions allow confident conclusions about program effectiveness. And, to make this judgment, the research write-ups need to include clear instructions and an accurate list of materials.  How else will they know whether studies’ results are to be believed?

In addition to this need for easy replication is a desire for uniformity in discussing results.  The amount of psychological research is growing rapidly. When researchers summarize studies, be they about basic topics—such as the influences on memory or the development of morality through the life span—or applied topics, they need to have good descriptions of what was done. Like assembly instructions, these descriptions are used to piece together past research into coherent pictures, to help resolve conflicts in research results, and to identify questions yet to be studied. If the research description is incomplete, it is like assembly instructions that result in a bicycle that we can’t ride or a bookshelf that will collapse.

Not surprising then, greater emphasis today is placed on the reporting of research. So, in preparation for the sixth edition of the Publication Manual, APA formed a working group to look into the issue. As a result, the Publication Manual now recommends that Journal Article Reporting Standards (or the JARS) be followed that summarize the information editors, reviewers, and readers will expect to see in research reports. APA has just released a book I authored to help writers understand and implement the new standards, titled Reporting Research in Psychology: How to Meet Journal Article Reporting Standards. So, how do the JARS work? Find out in next week’s post.


October 15, 2010

Translations of the Publication Manual


Anne Woodworth Gasque

This month the latest edition of the Publication Manual will be released in Spanish! Que bueno!  This event marks a long partnership with Manual Moderno, the distinguished Mexico City publisher whose first translation of the Publication Manual began with the fourth edition.  In addition to the Publication Manual, Spanish-speaking readers will find translated versions of the Concise Rules of APA Style and of Mastering APA Style.

If Spanish is not your native language, don’t despair.  We’re currently working with international publishing partners who are translating the manual into Arabic, Simple Chinese, Italian, Nepalese, Polish, Romanian, and Portugese, for starters.  We’ll let you know when those translations are available.  It’s hard to believe that what started as a six-page article in an APA journal (Psychological Bulletin) in 1929 that outlined simple style rules (including instructions for submitting drawings wrapped flat against stiff cardboard or rolled on tubes) has evolved into the current 272-page Publication Manual that offers guidance on bias-free language, writing style, and electronic references and is used around the world. 

How would you cite a translation of the Publication Manual? The sixth edition of the Publication Manual includes an example of a non-English reference book translated into English on page 205 (Example 28). Here is what the Spanish translation of the sixth edition would look like:

American Psychological Association. (2010). Manual de publicaciones de la American 
   Psychological Association [Publication manual of the American Psychological
   Association] (3rd ed.). Mexico City, Mexico: Manual Moderno.

The translation of the title appears in brackets immediately after the non-English title.

Thanks for reading, and feel free to contact us with questions about other types of translated sources.




August 12, 2010

Best of the APA Style Blog: Fall 2010 Edition

Chelsea blogby Chelsea Lee

As a new school year begins at universities around the world, a new crop of students will set upon the task of learning APA Style. Below you will find some of the most popular and (we hope) helpful content published to this date on the APA Style Blog and on our parent site, apastyle.org.

Getting Started With APA Style

What is APA Style?

Why is APA Style needed?

A tutorial for those totally new to APA Style

A tutorial for those using the 6th edition manual for the first time

FAQs about APA Style

Sample Papers in APA Style

Sample Paper 1

Sample Paper 2

Sample meta-analysis paper

Sample published APA article 

What To Do If Your Reference Isn’t in the Manual (a.k.a. How References Work)

Our series on the “generic reference”

How To Cite...

Classical works (the Bible, the Qu’ran, Aristotle, etc.)

Constitutions and other legal references




Secondary sources (sources you found in another source)



How to Format...


Lists (lettered, numbered, or bulleted)


Tables and figures

Still Need Help?

Please contact us if you need further assistance and we’ll be happy to help. You can also find the APA Style team on Facebook and Twitter.

June 24, 2010

Announcing New Features on the APA Style Blog

We are very proud to announce the debut of several new features to the APA Style Blog. We hope that they will improve the usefulness and user friendliness of the site as well as your enjoyment of it. If you read our posts through a feed aggregator like Google Reader, we hope that you will pay our main site a visit at http://blog.apastyle.org to check it out. The new features include

  • a search box to search blog posts,
  • buttons to subscribe to our RSS feed, Twitter feed, or Facebook page,
  • lists of recent posts and comments,
  • our recent Twitter updates,
  • a “ShareThis” button on each post, and
  • an updated and more thorough “About Us” page.

These features are intended to make it easier for you to search the blog, automatically get new content, see what’s new and what’s been talked about recently, and share content you like with your friends and colleagues. All of this information will also be available on our “About Us” page. 

Thank you for reading and we hope you enjoy the new features of the site.

May 24, 2010

Join the APA Style Team on Facebook!


We are pleased to announce that APA Style is now on Facebook!

Follow us to get official updates on all things related to APA Style, including announcements about new blog posts, tips and tricks on writing and style, new features on apastyle.org, and more!

March 11, 2010

Follow the APA Style Team on Twitter!

We are pleased to announce a new feature from the APA Style team: APA Style Twitter!

Follow us to get updates on all things related to APA Style, including announcements about new blog posts, tips and tricks on writing and style, new features on apastyle.org, and more. Click the button below to follow us, or visit http://twitter.com/APA_Style:

Follow APA_Style on Twitter

What Would You Like to Hear About?

Photo1-21-10by Sarah Wiederkehr

We’ve been going on about who we are, what on earth this thing called a DOI is and how one finds one, and the typical components of an APA-Styled reference. We’ve also expounded, at great length, on the changes in APA Style brought about by the publication of the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. As fun as it’s been, and as much as we have enjoyed and learned from your comments, we realize the inherent drawbacks of holding what could be construed as a relatively one-way conversation. We would much rather be spending our energy on explaining things that you would like explained.

So, we pose these questions to you: What sorts of things would you like to hear about from us? What tips or tricks have you found useful in applying APA Style? What particular APA Style guideline trips you up or just plain confuses you? What APA Style rule seems particularly cumbersome? What advice can you give people just learning APA Style?

Sometimes knowing the logic behind a style rule can make a world of difference in learning how to implement (and, we hope, not dread) it. And hearing what works from other veteran users can be invaluable. So let us know what needs explaining, and feel free to share your own insights. Plant your questions, tips, and ideas in the comments below. We look forward to hearing from you!

October 08, 2009

Note to APA Style Community: Sixth Edition Corrections

Mary Lynn

We are grateful for the lively and thoughtful discussion that has resulted from the release of the sixth edition of the Publication Manual on this blog and also among other APA Style communities. We recently learned of a post on a listserv regarding corrections to the manual that has caused much alarm among members of the APA Style community and, despite good intentions, includes misleading and erroneous information. We would like to clarify the nature and extent of the errors in the sixth edition and tell you how you can access the corrections online.

First, we’d like to verify that the first printing of the Publication Manual is substantively correct, accurate, and fully functional in all areas except for three sample papers that have been corrected and are posted on the web for download.

The first printing was carefully proofed and vetted at multiple stages. The guidance provided in the book is accurate and sound.

Errors in the sample papers, which were relatively minor, have been corrected. You and your students can access the corrected sample papers at http://www.apastyle.org clicking first on "Related Resources" and selecting the "Sample Papers" option from the left-hand column.

We urge you to download the papers from the website and, while you’re there, to take advantage of the free tutorials, FAQs, and other instructional aids that we’ve developed to help readers transition to the new edition of the Publication Manual.

As with the fifth edition of the manual, corrections made to the first and subsequent printings of the manual are posted online. The complete list of errors that will be corrected in the second printing of the Publication Manual can be found at http://www.apastyle.org by clicking on "Supplemental Materials" and selecting "Reprint Corrections" at the bottom of the page. The majority of these are typographical errors that do not affect the content and guidance in the chapters.

We appreciate the efforts of all who have taken the time to send in and point out small typographical errors. We have responded quickly to make corrections as needed, first by posting the corrected sample papers and second by posting a list of typographical errors in all chapters on our website for immediate accessibility for users.

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